World’s most violent cities: Medellin crime rise helps Latin America prime record world improvement

When police discovered the physique of 31-year-old Colombian DJ Marcela Graciano final Thursday, the brutality of the crime shook them too. His physique was discovered with torture marks and his fingers tied behind his again, present in a home in a suburb of Medellin, one other Colombian metropolis.

“The physique was in a state of decomposition,” mentioned native police chief Colonel Rolfi Mauricio Jimenez. There have been 11 murders this yr within the Valle de Abura municipality, officers mentioned.

Marcela Graciano, a DJ who was murdered in a suburb of Medellin, one other Colombian metropolis Picture: Handout

In response to threat evaluation agency Verisk Maplecroft, Graciano’s brutal homicide is a part of a wider rise in crime in Latin America and the Caribbean, with new analysis exhibiting that just about two-thirds of the world’s most harmful cities for crime are in Latin America. .

“The area’s position in worldwide drug trafficking and the continued energy of refined drug trafficking organizations and gangs is a big issue lowering Latin America’s threat profile,” discovered analysis launched Thursday.

The research, which used information on crime (equivalent to murder, theft and property injury), terrorism, civil unrest and battle, discovered that eight of the 12 cities that acquired the worst potential scores for crime have been in Latin America. Huh. Kabul in Afghanistan and Mogadishu in Somalia are ranked as essentially the most harmful locations on the earth when all 4 safety dangers have been taken under consideration.

Medellin is believed to have turned a nook after being linked to the violence of the Nineteen Eighties and ’90s, when Pablo Escobar’s feared Medellin cartel dominated swathes of the town and terrorized civilians and police. However it recorded the very best potential threat rating in Verisk Maplecroft’s evaluation, together with San Salvador in El Salvador and Chihuahua in northwest Mexico.

“Medellin is a hotbed of worldwide crime networks and that is why it exhibits up in the sort of research,” mentioned Pedro Piedrahita Bustamante, a professor of political science on the College of Medellin, who mentioned there have been weapons and other people keen to make use of them. prepared provide. “Due to this fact, regardless of all of the modifications of the previous a long time, there stay damaging indicators of crime within the metropolis.”

Colombia’s capital, Bogota, was marked by Verisk Maplecroft as one of many prime three most in danger for crime among the many 30 largest cities on the earth, together with Rio de Janeiro in Brazil and Mexico Metropolis.

“I take a look at this neighborhood with completely different eyes now,” mentioned Juana San Martín, who was just lately robbed at knifepoint outdoors his house in Bogota. A good friend who was with him at the moment was overwhelmed up and slammed to the bottom. “It scares you. It brings to the truth that each one these tales that you simply hear within the information are occurring.”

Venezuelan cities, which have been engulfed by widespread crime and political instability, are additionally ranked extremely, together with Barquisimeto, Caracas, Maracaibo, Maracay and Valencia.

Additionally rating excessive on the record is Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince, which has been embroiled in gang-related violence for years. The state of affairs within the Caribbean nation received worse final yr, when President Jovenel Mosse was assassinated in his house, which remained unexplained, leaving an influence void that’s nonetheless violently contested.

Two men on motorcycles with machine guns leaving behind the onlookers in the market
Armed gang members stroll via a market in Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince, the place energy has been vacillating for the reason that president’s assassination final yr. {Photograph}: Rodrigo Abd/AP

Amidst incidents of kidnapping, theft and struggle, many individuals have fled their properties for momentary shelters.

About 150 individuals have been killed in latest weeks between warring gangs in Haiti, whereas Médecins Sans Frontires (MSF) mentioned earlier this month that it had gunned down greater than 96 individuals at its medical services in Port-au-Prince. was handled with bullet wounds. 24 April.

“While you go away your own home you will be killed or kidnapped,” Coriolande Auguste, who fled escalating violence, advised the Guardian final October on a go to to a shelter within the Martian neighborhood within the Haitian capital. “Who would not need that?”

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