Hyderabad: The Qutb Shahi and Nizam eras ended way back, however lots of their royal traditions or practices are nonetheless practiced at present. These embrace beating the drum drum or enjoying the shehnai on particular events.
The Agapura space of Hyderabad is residence to households who’re conventional drummers and play the naubat or nagada through the ceremonies. “Our ancestors used to play within the royal palaces through the Nizam interval. This artwork handed down from technology to technology,” mentioned Abdul Rahim of Shahi Navbat Nawaz in Darulsalam. His fifth technology of the household practising the humanities in Hyderabad.
In Hyderabad at present, Naubat and Shehnai are performed on comfortable events in properties or operate halls. Music is performed throughout birthdays of weddings and different events, Akhikha Ceremonies, engagements, and even the opening of economic institutions. “It’s away from spiritual id, so we get orders from all communities all year long. Folks from Muslim, Hindu and Sikh communities invite us to carry out on comfortable events,” defined Rahim.
Shehnai is a well-liked wind instrument in India and the sound is produced by blowing air in a hole column. The pitch of the be aware is managed through the use of the fingers to open and shut the holes within the instrument. Naubat or Nakkare is a spherical again and excessive head drum that’s performed in pairs utilizing sticks. Musicians inform that the phrase ‘Naubat’ means a bunch of 9 devices. Nevertheless, now there are solely drums with shehnai.
Traditions of Golconda and Mughal Interval
traditionally, Naqqar Khansi All the main palaces and different buildings had been constructed by the kings (for the the Aristocracy). They’ve survived at locations such because the Hussain Shah Wali (who constructed Hussain Sagar) dargah and the Sixteenth-century Badshahi Ashurkhana in Hyderabad.
In accordance with historians, through the Mughal interval (1526–1857), Naubat was performed often at royal palaces, entrance gates and essential locations. In Hyderabad, through the Nizam period (1724–1948), it was repeated in any respect the essential palaces and entrances of the province.
Naqqar or Naubat Khana was an integral a part of the royal palaces and a staff of Naubat Nawaz – who beat the drums – was appointed. He was effectively paid for his service. This observe stopped in Hyderabad after the Nizam interval. Nevertheless, at present, Naubat is performed through the Independence Day celebrations together with different native cultural occasions.
Historians state that the Naubat Khana or Naqqar was a typical illustration of Mughal structure. It was constructed for drummers, normally close to the entrances of royal homes or entry factors to a province. The drummers used to announce the hours of the day in addition to the arrival of the emperor or his distinguished friends.
There are Naubat Khanas elsewhere together with Pink Fort and Taj Mahal in Delhi, Fatehpur Sikri complicated in UP. It will also be seen at numerous historic websites in Hyderabad.
The custom nonetheless continues within the Dargahs
Rahim says that Naubat is performed twice a yr within the morning and night in Dargah Shah Khamosh Darulsalam and Yusfain. “It’s performed at these two venues in Hyderabad every single day at 3 within the morning and within the afternoon. The caretakers give us a month-to-month honorarium for the service,” he mentioned.
Mohammad Shoaib of Shehnai Naubat and Nagada Occasion mentioned that the most recent pattern is ‘welcome drumming’ on the nagara in Hyderabad. It’s carried out with the standard massive drum, which is struck with massive sticks, accompanied by the enjoying of a big trumpet, indicating the entry of an essential persona.
“Truly a brand new pattern for us and the town as effectively. Solely in epic movies did we see the nagara beating the drums to welcome the friends. Now we do it at weddings and capabilities,” Shoaib mentioned.
As we speak 5 to seven households in Aghapura and Charminar in Hyderabad comprise the standard drummer. They cost wherever between Rs. 7,000 to Rs. 9,000 for a three-hour efficiency. All of them often attend excessive profile occasions like Chowmahalla Palace, HICC in Madhapur and different star lodges.